A study of the similarities of anatomy and phylogenetic relationships of major vertebrate groups. Specifically, we will compare phylogeny, ontogeny (development) and morphology in groups ranging from protochordates to highly derived vertebrates. We will examine structure of anatomical features, emphasizing how anatomy relates to function (including comparisons of specialized features in organisms adapted to different conditions). The laboratories will involve detailed dissection of the lamprey eel (Petromyzon), the dogfish (Squalus), the mud puppy (Necturus), and the cat (Felis cattus).
This course provides an introduction to anatomy, emphasizing how morphology relates to function and evolution. In addition, this course is designed to teach students how to utilize anatomical guides to identify anatomical features that, in reality, often look quite different to drawings.
Prerequisites: BS 1114 and BS 1154.
Vertebrates: comparative anatomy, function, evolution. Kenneth V. Kardong. Third edition. WCB/McGraw-Hill Press, Boston, MA 2002. Comparative vertebrate anatomy: a laboratory dissection guide. Kenneth V. Kardong and Edward Zalisko. Third edition. WCB/McGraw-Hill Press, Boston, MA 2002.
1. To learn the anatomy of several representative vertebrates
2. To gain familiarity with anatomical terms and descriptors
3. To learn how to use guides and diagrams to identify anatomical features in an actual organism
4. To learn dissection techniques
5. To understand how morphology relates to function
6. To understand how biomechanical constraints influence anatomy and physiology
7. To understand the basic workings of major vertebrate systems (including the
integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory
system, urogenital system, and nervous system).
Attendance and completion of all exams is mandatory. Students are accountable for all class assignments, class announcements, handouts, and information provided in lecture. After three lecture or lab absences, a student’s course grade will be reduced by 5% for each additional absence. If more than six lectures or labs are missed, the student will be asked to drop the course or receive a failing grade. Failure to clean up a work station following lab will result in a loss of 5 points for every student working at that station.
Please arrive on time to lab! Students will not be allowed to stay late to work because they have arrived late and need extra time. If you must miss an exam or lab, then you must contact me as quickly as possible. It is always better to contact me before rather than after an absence if you know in advance that you must miss class (if you notify me in advance, it will be easier to receive approval for a makeup). Please provide a substantive reason (e.g., a doctor’s note). Students are expected and required to uphold the highest standards of academic honesty in this and all courses. Students should be familiar with the College's policies concerning academic integrity (Catalog, page 52; Student Handbook, page 32, section VII). Students requiring any clarification of these policies should consult their academic advisor or the Office of Academic Affairs.
Lecture Exam I 50 pts
Lecture Exam II 100 pts
Lecture Exam III 100 pts
Lecture Exam IV 100 pts
Final Exam 200 pts
Lab Practical I 50 pts
Lab Practical II 50 pts
Total 650 pts
Instructor: Ann V. Paterson
Phone: (870) 759-4717